Friday, 2 November 2018

Cranbourne Park Estate land sale November 9, 1888

On November 9, 1888 the blocks at Cranbourne Park Estate at Cranbourne were auctioned off. The land was sold on very easy terms with a two pound deposit. The auctioneers, Carney & Kelly, in conjunction with John Collins provided the prospective buyers with a 'special train leaving Princes Bridge Station at 11.15am' and  also provided a 'free luncheon in a spacious marquee'

Map of the Cranbourne Park Estate
State Library of Victoria  - click here to view or download a larger version

Part of the advertisement for Cranbourne Park Estate in The Age November 8, 1888
see the full advertisement here

Here is a list of the Streets in the Cranbourne Park Estate and the derivation of their name

Barkley Street
Sir Henry Barkly (1815 - 1898) was Governor of Victoria from 1856 to 1863. Barkly Street had already been used in Cranbourne in the original 1850s sub-division, read about this here. The western end of the original Barkly Street is now called Brunt Street and the eastern end is Lecky Street. 

Berwick Road
It was called Berwick Road as it lead to Berwick (actually it leads to Narre Warren, but perhaps they thought that Berwick was more well known than Narre Warren)  Now known as Cameron Street, after early land owner, Alexander Cameron, who took up land in Cranbourne in 1851.

Bowen Street
Sir George Ferguson Bowen  (1821 - 1899) was the Governor of Queensland from 1859 - 1868, Governor of New Zealand 1868 - 1873,  Governor of Victoria 1873- 1878, Governor of Mauritius 1879 - 1882 and then Governor of Hong Kong 1882 - 1886 - so clearly moved around the British Empire serving Queen Victoria wherever he was sent. 

Camms Road
Charles Camm (1837 - 1924) is listed on the Cranbourne Parish Plan as owning Lot 69, 100 acres, this land was at the end of Patterson's Road, near Pound Road. According to the Cranbourne Shire Rate books, by 1884, as well as this 100 acres, Robert Camm (1811 - 1890) was listed for 87 acres Lot 7 and 316 acres Lot 35, which was originally owned by Alexander Cameron. There is some discrepancy with the spelling of the name - the Parish Plan lists it as Cam,  the Rate books call it Camm and Niel Gunson in his book The Good Country: Cranbourne Shire spells it as Cam.

Canterbury Road
John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton (1814 - 1877) was the Governor of Victoria 1866 - 1873. In 1869, on the death of his brother, he became the third Viscount Canterbury.

Hotham Street
Sir Charles Hotham (1806 - 1855) was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Victoria in December 1853 and full Governor  in February 1855, a post he held until he died in December 1855. The Eureka Rebellion took place during his appointment.

La Trobe Street
Charles Joseph La Trobe (1801 - 1875)  was the Superintendent of the Port Phillip District from 1839 - 1851, then Lieutenant Governor of Victoria 1851 - 1854. 

Loch Street
Henry Brougham Loch (1827 - 1900) was the Governor of Victoria 1884 - 1889, he was then appointed High Commissioner for South Africa and Governor of the Cape Colony.

Melbourne Road
Obviously the road to Melbourne (if heading north), but now called High Street, part of  the South Gippsland Highway and also called, in the past, Western Port Road or the Bass Road or Grantville Road as that was where the road went to when heading south. Melbourne was named for William Lamb, second Viscount Melbourne (1779 - 1848), a British Prime Minister.

Normanby Street
George Augustine Consantine Phipps, second Marquis of Normanby was the Governor of Queensland 1871 - 1874, Governor of New Zealand 1874 - 1878 and then Governor of Victoria 1879 - 1884. 

Tuesday, 9 October 2018

Who was Pakenham named after?

I have seen four possible suggestions for the source of the name Pakenham.

In the Wake of the Pack Tracks suggests Pakenham is named after Major General Sir Edward Michael Pakenham (1788 - 1815) who served with the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula War and was killed in 1815 at the Battle of New Orleans.

Major General Sir Edward Michael Pakenham (1788-1815)
Image: National Parks Service

Les Blake, in his book, Place names of Victoria (Rigby 1977) suggests that Pakenham was named for “General Pakenham who served in the Crimean War”. This is Lieutenant-Colonel Edward William Pakenham (1819 -1854) who was killed at Inkermann during the Crimean War. The Lieutenant Colonel was the son of Sir Hercules Pakenham who was the brother of Major General Sir Edward Michael Pakenham.

Lieutenant-Colonel Edward William Pakenham (1819-1854)
Image: Hampshire Country Council

The third suggestion is from Place Names of Australia by A.W. Reed (Reed 1973) Mr Reed suggests that the town was named for Catherine Pakenham, who was the wife of the Duke of Wellington. Catherine (1773 - 1831) married the Duke of Wellington in 1806. They had two sons, Arthur born in 1807 and Charles in 1808.

Catherine Pakenham, the Duchess of Wellington (1773-1831)
Catherine ('Kitty') Pakenham, Duchess of Wellington by Sir Thomas Lawrence 1814 
Wellington Collection, Stratfield Saye House 

Marc Fiddian in his book Through the field glasses:  a history of the Pakenham Racing Club (The Author, 1976)  writes There are at least two theories to how Pakenham got its name. One is that it was named after a Rev. Pakenham of Dublin, the other that it perpetuates Catherine Pakenham, wife of the Duke of Wellington. We have looked at the Duchess of Wellington, above. The "Rev. Pakenham of Dublin" is the Very Reverend Henry Pakenham (1787 - 1863)  who was Dean of St Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin from 1843-1863

Very Reverend Henry Pakenham (1878-1863)
Henry Pakenham's image on St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

Henry Pakenham's obituary in the Sydney paper The Empire March 16, 1864

The Duchess of Wellington  and the Very Reverend Henry Pakenham were siblings of Major General Sir Edward Pakenham and Sir Hercules Pakenham. Their father was the second Baron Longford and their nephew was Lieutenant-Colonel Edward William Pakenham.  Blake also suggests that the area was once called Longford. Pakenham was originally based around the Princes Highway and Toomuc Creek and the town that developed around the Railway Station from 1877 was known as Pakenham East. It was still referred to as Pakenham East well into the 1960s.

I actually believe the most likely candidate is Lieutenant-Colonel Edward William Pakenham who was killed during the Crimean War as Victoria and Melbourne have other place names with a Crimean connection including the town Sebastopol, the suburb of Balaclava, Inkerman Road and Alma Road. Clarendon Street, Codrington Street and Lyons Street in Cranbourne are also connected to Crimean War personalities. See my blog post on Cranbourne Street names, here.

Thursday, 27 September 2018

Cranbourne Pound and Pound Road

Pound Road zig zags its way across the old Shire of Cranbourne from Ballarto Road at Cardinia to the South Gippsland Highway at Hampton Park. There is a reason that it ends up in Hampton Park and that is because where Hampton Park is now located used to be a Pound.  We will let Niel Gunson author of The Good Country: Cranbourne Shire tell us  - Hampton Park - the area had originally enclosed the Dandenong Pound (later known as the Cranbourne Pound).  The ‘pound’ Paddock was later owned by the Garner family of Diamond Hill, well known in Dandenong as undertakers and coach builders. When W. Garner was gored by a bull the paddock was purchased by E.V Jones of Somerville Road, Footscray.  It was Jones that created the Hampton Park subdivision in 1916, read more about this here.

Part of the Eumemmerring / Lyndhurst Parish Plan that shows the Dandenong Pound at the top right. The plan is dated January 14, 1859. You can see a better copy at the State Library of Victoria
To give you some perspective - the land under the Pound was owned by Isaac Edey (lot 34). Edeys Run in modern day Hampton Park is around where the Edey homestead was located.  

The Dandenong Pound was officially established November 20, 1849 and the name was changed to the Cranbourne Pound in July 1868. This pound was closed in January 1887 and relocated.  

Establishment of the Pound
November 28, 1849

Change of name to Cranbourne Shire Pound

Relocation of the Pound from the original location
Victoria Government Gazette  January 28, 1887

Pounds played a larger role in the life of people in the early days than they do now - the Victorian Government Gazette has pages and pages of notices of impoundings of animals - stock was valuable and fences were poor. In some areas, as we have seen hawthorn hedges were used as fences or post and rail fences or wire fences. These fences were not as effective in holding cattle in as barbed wire fences, but it wasn't until November 1874 that Joseph Glidden took out the first patent for barbed wire in the USA. So it was more likely that livestock would go wandering and be impounded by the Pound Keeper, who could charge a fine for allowing the animals to stray and a daily 'sustenance' fee for feeding the animal. As  a matter of interest the Kansas Barbed Wire Museum has a history of barbed wire on their website, you can read it here.  The first advertisements in Australian newspapers for 'American barbed fencing wire' (that I could find) were in 1879.

The earliest barbed wire advertisements I can find  are from 1879.
The Australasian March 15, 1879

It appears that Pound Road takes the most direct line across the old Cranbourne Shire to the pound from the eastern side of the Shire. The  kinks in the road maybe due to influential  landowners who refused to allow a road through their property. If you look at this map at the State Library of Victoria (below or click here) then you can see that starts at Tooradin Station Road/Ballarto Road and then is almost a direct line to Hampton Park, apart from the diversion around The Springs property, owned by Sir William Clarke, who would be as influential a land owner as you could find anywhere

East of Tooradin where Koo Wee Rup, Monomeith, Yannathan etc are was part of the Koo Wee Rup Swamp and until major drainage works commenced in 1889 was fairly uninhabited. There were early settlements down around Lang Lang but before the Swamp was drained and the roads improved it would have been common to travel by boat to Tooradin and then by road and then head to the Pound and Dandenong by either what became the South Gippsland Highway or north from Tooradin to Pound Road.

Click on the map to enlarge or look at it on the State Library website, here. You can see where it starts and finishes (the red stars) and the kink around The Springs property (circled in red)
Map:  Cranbourne  prepared by Australian Section, Imperial General Staff.
Great Britain. War Office. General Staff. Australian Section, 1924.

Friday, 14 September 2018

High Street Cranbourne, 1984.

These photographs are from the National Archives of Australia - they show High Street in Cranbourne, corner of Sladen Street,  and were taken in 1984, presumably in April 1984 by the record number. I don't know what the occasion was but there are 7,352 photos in the series, taken all around Australia, so there must have been some purpose behind them. Look at the price of Super at the Shell Service Station - 47.9 cents per litre!.

High Street, Cranbourne 1984. Shell service station on the left, with Skewes SSW supermarket, next to it. 
National Archives of Australia B583, 4/1984 31147686

High Street, Cranbourne 1984. Kelly's Hotel is just right of centre.
National Archives of Australia B583, 4/1984 31147687

High Street, Cranbourne 1984. Not often you see  a tractor in High Street today.
National Archives of Australia B583, 4/1984 31147688

High Street, Cranbourne 1984
National Archives of Australia B583, 4/1984 31147689

High Street, Cranbourne 1984
National Archives of Australia B583, 4/1984 31147690

Thursday, 13 September 2018

Construction of the Pakenham Library - November 1990 to April 1991

Here are some photographs of the construction of old Pakenham Library. Construction started in November 1990 and finished in April 1991. The library was officially opened by Pakenham Shire President, Cr Pam Wyley on Sunday May 19, 1991. The building was designed by Alan Robertson and Associates and it was constructed by Becon Constructions at a cost of $553,000. It was demolished around 2009 and the existing Library opened in July 2011. The Library site  is now occupied by the Palkenham Marketplace shopping centre which opened in December 2011.

The start of the project.
Click on the photos to enlarge them.

Concreting the slab foundations.

Horse riding prohibited!

The walls taking shape.

The bricks have arrived.

You can just see the sign on the right - Dr Bruce Cox Gardens. You can read more about Dr Cox and the gardens, here.

Just after completition

Information about the building.

Thursday, 9 August 2018

Michael Drew - photographer

The State Library of Victoria has 470 photographs taken by Michael Drew. You can access them on the State Library of Victoria website  Many are unidentified as to location or the people photographed, however some of the ones that are identified are of Harkaway (there are 21 of these) and there are a few labelled as Berwick and one is labelled as Narre Warren. The photos were donated to the State Library of Victoria by Max Thomson, the author of Little Hills 1839-1977 a history of Narre Warren North.

 Thought to be the Shire of Berwick workers and plant.
Photographer: Michael Drew
State Library of Victoria Image H2012.171/343

We have met Michael Drew before in this blog - I did  a post about the Harkaway Hall and illustrated it with his photographs (you can see the post, here.) The photos on this page have a local Casey Cardinia connection. Most of his photos are thought to have been taken between 1890 and 1910.

Three lovely chooks and their prize winning certificates - most of the certificates are from the Dandenong and South Bourke 40th Annual Agricultural and Horticultural Show.
Photographer: Michael Drew
State Library of Victoria Image H2012.171/230

So what do we know about Michael Drew? Michael Forristall Drew was born in Malvern  to 1873 to Amos Langton Drew and Mary Elizabeth Evans. Amos and Mary married in 1859 at St Pauls in Melbourne. According to the marriage notice in The Argus, his address was Collingwood and Mary was the eldest daughter of Mr Luke Evans of River, near Dover, Kent. They had the following children - Amelia (born 1859 - died 1860), Amos Wallworth (c. 1860 - 1893, married Margaret Parker in 1889, they had one daughter Lorna who was born and died in 1892),  the second Amelia Catherine (1862 - 1916, married Frank Ernest Findlay in 1903),  Rosa (1864 - 1937), Charles (1865 - 1866), Frances (1868 - 1891), Frederick Langton (born and died 1872) Michael Forristall (1873 - 1943) and Philip George (1878 - 1899).  There were ten children in all and apart from  the short lived little Lorna, no grandchildren.

The Drews lived on Dandenong  Road, East Malvern (a  property of 15 aces according to the Probate papers). Amos was the Secretary of the Victorian Mining Accident Relief Fund and died in 1902. Mary had died in 1891 at the age of 58. Amos' obituary appears below.

Obituary of Amos Drew
The Age   December 10, 1902.

In 1903 Michael was listed in the Electoral Rolls at Darling Road, East Caulfield. His occupation was 'Independent means'. According to the Berwick Shire Rate Books he purchased land in Harkaway in 1907/08. The Rate books record that the land had  a house on 13 acres and was part of Lot 3, Section  13, Parish of Berwick. His occupation in the Electoral Roll at this time was still 'independent means' and in the Rate Books it was 'gentleman'. His sister Rosa was also in the Electoral Roll at Harkaway. 

In 1913, when he was about 40 he married Bertha Rooks (nee Osbaldstone). Bertha had married Luke Rooks in 1890 and he passed away at the age of 25 the next year. The Rooks were living at  Nunawading at the time of his death. 

According to the Rate Books Drew sold the Harkaway property on February 23, 1921 to a Mr Chapple and they moved to Peel Street in Berwick (Lots 8 - 11, Section 21, Berwick township) The property was sold in the 1942/43 Rate book year, before he died on February 9, 1943, as his address in the Death Notice in The Argus is  22 Montana Street, Burwood. He had a private funeral. Bertha died May 30, 1952 at the age of 81.

We have all this family information, but what did Michael actually do? We know he went to Melbourne Grammar School, as he is listed in Liber Melburniensis He obviously was  a keen photographer as his photos at the State Library cover parts of South Australia, New South Wales, Tasmania and Victoria especially the Gippsland region as he has photos of Bairnsdale, Walhalla, the Gippsland Lakes, Wonthaggi etc. Apart from being a 'gentleman of independent means' I can't find an occupation for him. I can't find him listed in the Post Office Directories with an occupation, so it seems that he had a private source of income. Did it come from his parents?  His father, Amos, left an estate valued at just over 8,600 pounds divided equally amongst his children and when he died in 1902 he had three remaining children - Amelia, Rosa and Michael - so that's about 2,800 pounds each - well over ten times the average annual  wage for a labourer, but it wasn't massive money and surely not enough for Michael to live on for the next 40 years. So his source of income is a mystery to me.

Narre Warren Railway Station
Photographer: Michael Drew
State Library of Victoria Image H2012.171/340

Dandenong Journal  February 10, 1943

According to his obituary in the Dandenong Journal (see above)  he was a keen bowler, supported the Berwick Agricultural Society and was  a Berwick Cemetery Trustee, effective from September 17, 1930 according to the State Government Gazette.

Michael's appointment as Berwick Cemetery Trustee
State Government Gazette September 24, 1930

Three men in a boat - the boat has Tooradin on the stern.
Photographer: Michael Drew
State Library of Victoria Image H2012.171/306

Michael left behind a great body of work, he has some fabulous photos and it is a shame that they are not all identified, so hop onto the State Library of Victoria website,, type his name into the search box and enjoy his photographs.

Wednesday, 18 July 2018

Dr John Tremearne

John Tremearne was a doctor, an inventor, was at one time was charged with manslaughter,  claimed to be able to cure cancer and is responsible for the name of one of the City of Casey's wards. Dr Tremearne arrived in Melbourne on the Norfolk on July 9, 1872 and took up a position of Resident Surgeon at the Creswick Hospital. The activities of a country doctor were many and varied and there are reports that he treated typhoid patients, amputated limbs after accidents. performed post-mortems and at one time performed a lithotomy on a kidney stone the size of a hens egg. You can read the reports of Dr Tremearne's medical activities in the  list of newspaper articles I have created  about Dr Tremearne and his family on Trove, you can assess the list here.

In 1876 John married Ada Jane Martin, whose father was the editor of the Creswick Advertiser. The couple had six children and only the one grandchild.
  • Arthur John Newman (1877 - 1915). Arthur had a military career and in July 1895 received a commission in the 3rd Ballarat Battalion. He was a Lieutenant when he left to serve in the Boer War in 1899 with the First Victorian Infantry Company. He was invalided to England in June 1900. In 1908 and 1909 he served in Northern Nigeria and had his face grazed by a poisoned arrow whilst fighting the natives.  The Age on June 13, 1910  reported that the University of Cambridge awarded him  a certificate for his researches into the origin, language and folklore of the Houssa tribe in Nigeria. The certificate carries the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Captain Tremearne has also been awarded by the Cambridge University a Diploma of Anthropology for his thesis on Nigerian head hunters. He joined the British Army at the start of the First World War and was killed in Action in France in October 1915. He married Mary Louisa Tremearne in 1906, I presume she was a cousin, not an unusual happening in those times. According to the 1911 English Census she had been born in Bengal in India. I don't believe they had any children.

Arthur Tremearne
Weekly Times October 9, 1915

  • Ada Avenel (1879 - 1890)
  • Francis Clement (1880-1881)
  • John Eliot (1882-1951) John was journalist on The Herald newspaper - a music and dramatic critic for 20 years until he retired in 1946, according to an obituary. He was a foundation member of the Australian Journalists' Association and a friend of fellow Creswick native, Norman Lindsay. John married Veronica McNamee in 1911 and they had one daughter, Veronica, who married Graham Green in 1946. Young Veronica had nine month trip to England and Europe in 1937 - this was reported in The Herald.
  • Frank Bazeley (1884- 1955) Frank  married Frances Daintry Harrison in 1945. Frank enlisted in the First World War in November 1917 at the age of 33. He Returned to Australia in May 1919. Frank was also a  journalist, like his maternal grandfather and his brother. He was with The Argus.
  • Guy Howard (1893-1897).

Dr Tremearne's house at Creswick.

The Tremearne family built this grand house (above) in 1881 in Creswick. It is still standing and is now part of Melbourne University's Creswick Campus or the School of Forestry as it used to be known. They were very much involved with the civic and social life of the town.

In 1883/84 Dr Tremearne purchased land at what is now called Endeavour Hills. He was listed as owning Grasmere, Parish of Eumemmerring, part of Thomas Herbert Power's old Estate. I can't find him the the 1884 Rate books but in 1885/76 he is listed as owning 653 acres, Parish of Narre Warren. In 1886/87 - 282 acres Parish of Eumemmerring and in 1887/88  - 292 acres Parish of Eumemmerring and a house and 300 acres, also in the Parish of Eumemmerring. This was his last appearence in the Rate Books. There appears to me to be some inconsistency with these listings, but never the less, it puts Dr Tremearne into this region. Tremearne is said to have built Four Oaks homestead. The house is still standing at 13 Cardigan Street, Endeavour Hills. Four Oaks was so named as there were four oak trees on the property and is the name of one of the City of Casey Wards. There are only two oak trees remaining. I do not believe that Dr Tremearne actually lived at any of these properties as there is evidence that he was still working in Creswick at the time, so it may be that he held this land as a speculative investment and the house was built for a farm manager.

Four Oaks, Endeavour Hills in 1987.

Tremearne put his land up for sale on November 23, 1887 - as you can see by the advertisement below. Interestingly the property is not called Four Oaks but Rockley Park. Rockley Park, allotments 17 to 20, Parish of Eumemmering is  south of Heatherton Road, between Power Road and Hallam North Road and is just over 650 acres.

Sale of Dr Tremearne's Dandnenong properties.
The Australasian November 5, 1887.

The 1880s was a boom time in Victoria with property values going through the roof which is reflected in the following story and also adds strength to my idea that Tremearne had purchased this land as an investment. The property was sold by Tremearne to James Mirams on March 1, 1888 for 40,000 pounds. On March 14, Mirams sold the land for 48,000 pounds to the Real Estate Bank. On May 1, the Real Estate Bank sold the land to Frederick Illingworth for 60,000 pounds. On June 14, Illingworth sold the land to the Grasmere Estate Company for 105,000 pounds. However when Tremearne sold the land to Mirams, Mirams paid in cash and promissory notes to be paid at specific times over the next few years and if Mirams failed to make a payment the contract was rescinded and this happened in March 1889. The contract was rescinded, however Mirams paid so the contract was reinstated. However the Grassmere Company used this to try to get out of the contract with Illingworth. This involved Court case was written up in The Argus of September 10, 1889, you can read it here.

Back to Creswick. During the time Tremearne owned the land in what is now Endeavour Hills, there is plenty of evidence in newspaper reports to show that he was still living and practicing medicine in Creswick and it was during this time that he was charged with manslaughter.  Richard Goatley was accidentally given a dose of morphia by Dr Tremearne rather than a dose of silicate of soda and he died. An inquest was held in February 1886 and the manslaughter trial at Stawell in the March. You can read about the trial, here. In the end the Crown entered a  nolle prosequi or 'unwilling to pursue'.

In 1896, when he was still at Creswick, Dr Tremearne discovered a cure for cancer. As the Sydney Mail newspaper put it  A section of the community hail the report with natural joy. Another section asks, 'Can any good thing come out of Creswick?'  The reputed discoverer is a surgeon and  a scientist, liked and respected by his profession, and has been connected for some years with the pretty little mining township of Creswick, in the Ballarat district (read the article here)  Actually Dr Tremearne had heard of this treatment from a colleague in Germany and so had not discovered it, but he was sent some supplies of this treatment, called methylene blue, and had been experimenting with it for four weeks with six of his cancer patients and he was struck by the wonderful rapidity in which their pain was eased. You can read about the results here, in this report from The Argus of July 31, 1896. If you want to know more about methelyne blue, you can do so here in this Encyclopeadia Britannica article.

Dr Tremearne was clearly a  man who was open to new ideas and in 1897 he was granted  a patent for A new or improved desk or stand for supporting a hook, paper or other articles, and fittings for attaching same to chair, lounge, bed or table. This was gazetted in the Victorian Government Gazette of September 3, 1897.

In September 1902, Dr Tremearne's hospital was sold and they then left Creswick and moved to Melbourne, where two of their sons were living.  In 1908, Ada Tremearne's sister, Ella Martin took over Mandeville Hall in Toorak, a mansion situated on five acres, and turned it into residential suites or rooms. The original house on the site was one of 12 rooms built for Alfred Watson in 1869. It was purchased by Joseph Clarke in 1876 who had the house enlarged to 30 rooms and an ornate facade added. These works were designed by the architect, Charles Webb.  In May 1908 John and Ada moved to Mandeville Hall.  Dr Tremearne died whilst living at Mandeville Hall when he was 68 years old. Ella Martin sold Mandeville Hall in 1924 to the Loreto Order of Nuns, who turned it into a school, which is still running.  It is clear that the Tremearne family were well off, but that still didn't stop the heartache of losing three of their six children at a young age (Ada was eleven years old, Francis was 8 months and Guy was three) and when Ada Tremearne  died in 1942 at the age of 84, she had only two sons living, John and Frank, Arthur having been killed in World War one.

Mandeville Hall,  the last home of Dr Tremearne. 
State Library of Victoria Image IAN31/10/78/18. 
Published in the Australian Illustrated News October 31, 1878.

I have created a list of newspaper articles about Dr Tremearne and his family on Trove, click here to access the list